DogCare_kindle



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Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................

YOUR DOG’S TEETH & WHAT THEY HAVE TO TELL YOU .............................................................

PUPPIES & THEIR TEETH ...................................................................................................................

CRUCIAL FACTS ABOUT YOUR DOG'S TEETH .............................................................................

UNDERSTANDING A DOG’S TEETH STRUCTURE .......................................................................

HOW DOES TARTAR FORM ON THE TEETH? ................................................................................

EFFECTS OF TARTAR ON THE IMMUNE SYSTEM .......................................................................

HOW TO MAINTAIN A DOG’S ORAL HYGEINE? ..........................................................................

IT IS ALL ABOUT USING THE BRUSH CORRECTLY! ...................................................................

OTHER REMEDIES FOR DOG DENTAL CARE ...............................................................................

CANINE DENTAL KITS ..................................................................................................................

CHEWS FOR DENTAL CARE ........................................................................................................

ORAL RINSES ..................................................................................................................................

EXERCISE 1...........................................................................................................................................

BATHING YOUR DOG AT HOME:IT’S VERY EASY! ..........................................................................

HOW TO OFTEN SHOULD YOU BATHE YOUR DOG? ..................................................................

HOW TO BATHE YOUR DOG AT HOME? .........................................................................................

WHAT ARE TEAR STAINS IN DOGS? ...............................................................................................

DIFFERENT TYPES OF DOGS HAIR COATS ...................................................................................

DOG BRUSHING TIPS .........................................................................................................................

EARS: ANOTHER IMPORTANT ASPECT OF A DOG’S GROOMING ............................................

MATTED FUR ........................................................................................................................................

HAIR UNDER THE DOG’S PAWS ......................................................................................................

EXCERCISE 2 .......................................................................................................................................

THE IMPORTANCE OF TRIMMING YOUR DOG'S NAIL & NAIL TRIMMING GUIDE ...................

A LITTLE LEARNING ABOUT THE DOG NAILS.............................................................................

WHY SHOULD MY DOG’S NAILS BE TRIMMED? ........................................................................

AND....THE NAIL TRIMMING TRAINING BEGINS! .......................................................................

TRIMMING BLACK NAILS ................................................................................................................

MAKE NAIL TRIMMING A FUN EXPERIENCE! ..............................................................................

USING THE RIGHT TOOLS FOR TRIMMING! ................................................................................

DOG EAR AILMENTS & INFECTIONS & HOW TO CLEAN YOUR DOG’S EAR ............................

SIGNS OF AN EAR INFECTION .........................................................................................................

TREATING AN EAR INFECTION .......................................................................................................

CLEANING THE DOG'S EARS ............................................................................................................

WHY DO DOG’S GET AN EAR INFECTION? ..................................................................................

IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL ACTIVITIES IN DOGS ..............................................

BEST PHYSICAL AND MENTAL EXCERCISES FOR YOUR DOG.................................................

7 BEST PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES FOR DOG ..................................................................................

4 EFFECTIVE MENTAL ACTIVITIES FOR YOUR DOG .............................................................

HOW TO KNOW IF YOUR DOG IS OVERWEIGHT? .......................................................................

HAVE A BUSY SCHEDULE? DON’T WORRY, THERE ARE ALTERNATIVES TOO! ..................

EXERCISE 3 ..........................................................................................................................................

FLEAS AND HOW TO GET RID OF THEM ...........................................................................................

FLEA LIFE CYCLE ...............................................................................................................................

EGG STAGE ..........................................................................................................................................

 

LARVAE STAGE ...................................................................................................................................

PUPAE STAGE ......................................................................................................................................

ADULT STAGE ......................................................................................................................................

TICKS AND THE DISEASES CAUSED BY THEM ................................................................................

TICK LIFE CYCLE ...............................................................................................................................

TYPES OF TICKS .................................................................................................................................

DISEASES CAUSED BY TICKS .........................................................................................................

HOW TO DIAGNOSE DISEASES CAUSED BY TICKS & PREVENTION

................................................................................................................................................................. ALL ABOUT HEARTWORMS IN DOGS ................................................................................................

WHAT ARE HEARTWORMS? .............................................................................................................

HEARTWORM PREVENTION ............................................................................................................

WHAT TO DO IF MY DOG IS TESTED HEARTWORM POSITIVE? ..............................................

EXCERCISE 4 .......................................................................................................................................

SIGNS OF OVERHEATING IN DOGS AND HOW TO OVERCOME IT ..............................................

OVERHEATING IN DOGS ...................................................................................................................

SYMPTOMS OF OVERHEATING IN DOGS ......................................................................................

 

BRINGING DOWN THE BODY TEMPERATURE ............................................................................

HOW TO PREVENT OVERHEATING IN DOGS? .............................................................................

ALL ABOUT DOG ALLERGIES ..............................................................................................................

DOG ALLERGIES EXPLAINED ..........................................................................................................

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DOG ALLERGIES ..............................................................................

CAUSES OF ALLERGIES IN DOG ......................................................................................................

INTRODUCTION

A very warm welcome to our one of a kind Dog Care Course! We have structured this course in a way that it consists of photos and text on various topics related to your dog.

Once the course is complete, you’ll have a lot to take from here and apply it to your real life scenarios with your dog. Well, Dog Care is no rocket science, but it can be really baffling and puzzling at times. Your dog is not just your pet, but your best-buddy, your better-half, your snuggle-toy, your jogging partner, your bodyguard and one of the most important living beings in your life, so knowing how to take care of him/her is really important.This course will help you delve deep into the various aspects of Dog Care and help you keep your best pal happy and healthy. We hope you make the most of it and find all the answers to your queries that keep boggling your mind.

DOG'S DENTAL CARE AND HEALTH YOUR DOG’S TEETH & WHAT THEY HAVE TO TELL YOU PUPPIES & THEIR TEETH

Let’s start with puppy teeth! Puppies are so cute but why do they have such sharp teeth? By the age of almost 6 months, a puppy begins to lose the puppy teeth and starts developing adult canine teeth. The smaller dog breeds are highly prone to retaining the puppy teeth and it is highly recommended to get these teeth extracted in order to avoid overpopulation and extra tartar build-up.

      CRUCIAL FACTS ABOUT YOUR DOG'S TEETH

  • Dogs have 42 teeth and Puppies have 28
  • 2 Out of every 3 dog owners do not provide necessary dental care for their
  • 2/3 of the dog's teeth is under the gum
  • By the age three, 80% of the dogs develop some kind of dental disease.

UNDERSTANDING A DOG’S TEETH STRUCTURE

Dogs have two canine teeth on the top and two canine teeth at the bottom. These teeth are use for tearing, shredding and holding on to things. The smaller teeth in the front that are on top an bottom are the incisors. They are used activities like nibbling on toys and scratching.

Dogs also have molars and pre-molars at the back of their mouth. The fourth pre-molar is the largest tooth and is also called the Carnassial tooth. The canine teeth and pre-molar are placed in such a way that they are subjected to high formation of the tartar

      HOW DOES TARTAR FORM ON THE TEETH?

Tartar begins as a formation of thin layer on the surface of the teeth where bacteria start gathering resulting in formation of plaque. When plaque combines with saliva, it begins to harden and form tartar or calculus. It is important to remember, that bacteria in the plaque can also lead to severe infection of the gums.

With time, the plaque continues to form on the teeth and can also migrate to the gum line where the bacteria release toxins that can severely affect the dog’s immune system.

EFFECTS OF TARTAR ON THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

Once the dog’s immune system is affected, the white blood cells increase in order to fight off the bacteria and release certain chemicals. These chemicals can destroy the surrounding tissues of the teeth and can lead to severe gum diseases, one of which is Gingivitis.

It is the inflammation of the gums and the first stage of gum disease. If left untreated for a long period of time, Gingivitis can lead to gingival recession (gums start receding back from the teeth), tooth loss; bone loss, bad breath and can also have adverse effects on the liver, kidney and heart of the dog. Once the bacteria enter the blood stream, they can affect the heart valves resulting in heart murmur.

Any sort of compromise on oral health can lead to the

shortening of your dog’s life span.

HOW TO MAINTAIN A DOG’S ORAL HYGEINE?

It is a great and helpful idea to start brushing your dog’s teeth before tartar starts to build-up.

You can make it a part of the dog’s puppy training or brush his/her teeth with consistency and positive reinforcement.

IT IS ALL ABOUT USING THE BRUSH CORRECTLY! 

If you are introducing the brush for the first time, you have to be very patient and careful. Go slow, go easy! Start with brushing only a couple of teeth at a time and end on a positive note. Gradually increase the brushing time period and the number of teeth you brush at one time.

There are different types of toothbrushes available in the market that can make the task a lot easier for you. There is a finger toothbrush that slides on your finger and gives you more control or there is a regular style tooth brush for longer duration of brushing. Sometimes, these toothbrushes have bristles on both ends as well. One end has a bigger tip for larger dogs and the other end has a smaller tip from the smaller breeds. Also, ensure that you use dog toothpaste and not toothpaste used for humans! People’s toothpaste has fluoride which can be harmful for the dog’s health if swallowed by him/her.

OTHER REMEDIES FOR DOG DENTAL CARE

Apart from brushing, there are other canine dental remedies that are recommended by VETs all over the world. They are:

CANINE DENTAL KITS

Canine dental kits contain mouthwashes, toothbrush, toothpastes and other dental care objects. These can be purchased from a veterinary office or a pet store. Different toothpaste flavours include mint, peanut butter, vanilla and poultry. Wow! What a delight for the doggy!

CHEWS FOR DENTAL CARE

Opt for chews that are recommended by Vets and are approved by all heath standards. Some chews may be harmful for the stomach and can cause stomach upset easily.

ORAL RINSES

Oral rinses can be added to the dog’s water. They do not cause any harm even if swallowed and help a great deal in cleaning the dog’s mouth.

EXERCISE 1

For this practice activity, you simply have to observe your dog’s teeth.

Yellowing of the teeth is normal as he/she ages, but does your dog have really bad breath? Is there excess of tartar on your dog’s teeth? Does your dog need dental care? Look for the answers to these questions and apply the solutions give in Chapter 2 to help your dog have a good oral hygiene.

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF DOG GROOMING BATHING YOUR DOG AT HOME:IT’S VERY EASY! HOW TO OFTEN SHOULD YOU BATHE YOUR DOG?

It is recommended to bathe your dog once or twice a month, once the fur coat feel really dirty. If the dog is not very dirty, it will take roughly ten minutes to bathe your dog completely.

      HOW TO BATHE YOUR DOG AT HOME?

 Well, it is not as difficult as you think! Follow this step by step guide to learn how to bathe your dog!

  1. Make a tether or rope like structure by combining and oldleash and
  2. Tie it to a pipe around your dog’s bathing area or the bathing tub. This tether will ensure that your dog does not escapewhile bathing.
  3. Use a shower, preferably a hand shower to bathe your
  4. Use a shampoo that suits your dog’s If your dog has dry skin, then use an oat meal shampoo. If you have a white dog, a bluing shampoo can help brighten up the white coat. If you dog has a sensitive skin, then use a hypoallergenicshampoo.
  5. Dilute the shampoo if the dog has short hair and is not very Put a little bit shampoo in an empty bottle and fill the remaining bottle with water. Shake properly to form asolution.
  6. If it is your first experience with bathing a dog, then here’s a tip for you! Keep luring your dog with treats throughout the process to make it a good
  7. Now starts the real job! Lure your dog into the bath tubor washing area and tie the tether collar around his/her 
  8. Ensure that the water is lukewarm i.e. not very hot or very
  9. Rinse the dog with water first and cover him/her with acurtain to avoid water spillage. Once you have completely rinsed your dog, apply the shampoo and rub it thoroughly throughout the dog’s Give it another round of treats to keep the momentum going.
  10. Now rinse it This is one of the most important aspects of washing your dog as the left over shampoo can irritate the dog’s skin.
  11. Once you’ve completely rinsed your dog, pat it dry and letit free.

Before you end the bath session, treat your dog with another round of goodies for the awesome behavior it showcased throughout the bath session.

WHAT ARE TEAR STAINS IN DOGS?

Tear stains are common is certain dog breeds and this condition is called Epiphora i.e. overproduction of tears. There are two reasons for this condition: Genetics and Allergies.

Some dogs have small and genetically very watery eyes. It could also be an allergy trigger. If you are worried about your dog’s watery eyes, then you must visit your Vet to determine the cause of these watery eyes. There are several products like tear stain solution, tear stain wipes and tear stain supplements that can be used to reduce overproduction of tears.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF DOGS HAIR COATS

There are more than 200 breeds of dogs in the world and many have different types of coats requiring specific care.

Rubber brushes are suitable for brushing short hair dogs. It is important to brush a dog to avoid allergies, especially when the dog is shedding a lot of hair.

With medium hair coats, you can use various kinds of brushes. One of them is a slicker brush. It has fine teeth on it and it does a great job of removing excess hair when your dog is going through a shedding phase. A soft bristle brush be used for a thinner coat. A furminator is also a good choice for quickly and efficiently removing excess hair.

A longer hair coat requires more brushing than a medium hair coat. You can use the same kinds of brushes which you used for medium coat brushes i.e. slicker brush, soft bristle brush and furminator.

DOG BRUSHING TIPS

  1. If you are concerned about the dog’s skin becoming redand irritated, you can part the fur and check the skin occasionally.
  2. Brushing time should not be more than 15
  3. It should be a pleasant bonding time for you and your
  4. Be gentle and move the brush

EARS: ANOTHER IMPORTANT ASPECT OF A DOG’S GROOMING      

It is very important to trim the long hair inside a dog’s ear and also behind the ear. Use a plastic comb to brush hair on and behind the dog’s ear as these hair as very thin. It can get entangled very easily. It is good to comb through different directions to ensure you’ve properly covered all the layers. Once the combing is done, you can run your fingers through the ears to see if there is any matted fur.

MATTED FUR

If you see or feel a mat, you can use a trimmer or scissors to remove the mat. Be very careful and ensure that you do not injure your dog. If you let the matted fur be, it will grow bigger and tighten the skin.

The tight skin will start pinching your dog which will be very uncomfortable and painful.

HAIR UNDER THE DOG’S PAWS

This is a big problem with dogs that have long hair. The hair continues to grow between their toes. A lot of shabby hair comes down the nails and under the paws making it very difficult to trim the nails.

This hair can trap dirt, grass, mud and even snow in the winter months. Also, the long hair on the paws can make it difficult to walk on slippery surfaces and hardwood floors.

It is important to trim this hair using hair clippers and trimmers to make nail trimming easy and maintain paw hygiene.

      EXCERCISE 2

For this practice activity, there will be three parts.

Identify the type of your dog’s coat and what type of brush does your dog need. Take a lot inside your dog’s ear. Is it a breed that has excess hair inside the ear canal and needs to be plucked on a regular basis?

For the last part, take a look at your dog’s paw-pads and make surethere isn’t excess of hair covering its paw pads.

TRIMMING YOUR DOG’S NAILS

 THE IMPORTANCE OF TRIMMING YOUR DOG'S NAIL & NAIL TRIMMING GUIDE

A LITTLE LEARNING ABOUT THE DOG NAILS

Well, some people are intimidated while the others are not. Dogs usually have white, black or multi-coloured nails. Each nail has a blood vessel in it called a quick that you want to avoid clipping because it does and will bleed. With the right technique and products, you should be able to avoid the quick.

When it keeps to different dog’s nails, they grow differently. It is recommended to trim the dog’s nails every 2-4 weeks. With regular nail trimming, the quick can recede, especially in case of older dogs who have longer quicks. It will also help in bringing down the nail trimming sessions from 2-4 weeks to once in 3-4 months.

WHY SHOULD MY DOG’S NAILS BE TRIMMED?

The most important aspect of short nails is balance. Long nails can result in discomfort while walking and awkward walking style, slipping due to imbalance, severe muscle and joint strain and possibility of the nail overgrowing, bending and curling into the paw pads.

AND....THE NAIL TRIMMING TRAINING BEGINS!

Products Required: Nail Clippers (opt for a plier nail clipper), Styptic Powder (used to dab the power on the nail in case of quacking and bleeding)

Objective:

Nail trimming of your dog without quacking

Method:

Let’s learn how to do it, step by step!

  1. Start with desensitizing your dog to have its feet touched. Play with the paws for some time and treat your dog in order toget its nails 
  2. Start with trimming one nail a day and lots of
  3. Gradually work on more nails with increasing weeks andyour dog will get used to this friendly 

White nails are much easier to trim than black nails!

TRIMMING BLACK NAILS

 When it comes to trimming black nails, there are different ways to do it:

  1. If your dog has black and white nails, based on how muchyou clipped the white nail, you can cut the black 
  2. Trim very slowly, until your observe a grey/black dot inthe middle of your dog’s nail i.e. the quick. Once the quick if visible, stop trimming.

      MAKE NAIL TRIMMING A FUN EXPERIENCE!

The most common reason why people avoid trimming their dog’s nails is that they are afraid of quicking the dog. Don’t worry, it not an Einstein’s job. Relax and make it a stress-free nail trimming session.

Use your fingers to separate the toes from trimming the nails and grab the paw very gently. Usea pair of blunt edged scissor or clipper to remove excess paw hair and cut the sharp edges of the nails with nail clippers carefully.

The simple wayTo trim the nails is just letting go off the sharp edges and not cutting the nails very deep. This completely removes the chances of quicking!

Associate nail trimming sessions with cookies and other yummy treats and make it fun!

USING THE RIGHT TOOLS FOR TRIMMING!

  1. Use only scissor or plier type clippers. Guillotine typeclippers can crush the dog’s toe which is very painful.
  1. Use small size clippers for better
  2. Keep the tools sharp and replace regularly to avoid contamination and
  3. Use grinders to smooth sharp nails after the trimming is
  4. Use corn starch to seize bleeding if you accidentally quickyour dog .

DOG EARS DOG EAR AILMENTS & INFECTIONS & HOW TO CLEAN YOUR

DOG’S EAR

SIGNS OF AN EAR INFECTION

There are various signs and symptoms that indicate that your dog has an ear infection. Let's have a look at them:

  1. One sign of an ear infection would be your dog scratching or rubbing its ears. You may also notice the dog shake the head more than normal which can cause an ear hematoma to form. A hematoma is a coin of blood from broken blood vessels that collection in the broken connective tissues between the skin and cartilage of the The blood keeps collection in the hematoma and sometimes surgery may also be required. It will look like a puffyear.
  2. Another sign can be your dog tilting his/her ear to one side. Your dog may have ear infection in only one ear or one ear may be worse than the
  3. Inside skin of the ear flap can appear red and
  4. Severe cases may have blood or pus
  5. Sometimes you can also see some brown/black debris in the
  6. Another important sign of an ear infection is bad odor fromthe ears.

If you notice any signs, you should immediately take your dog to a Vet. The Vet will take a cotton cutip and swab the ears. The swab is then rolled on a microscopic slide which is stained and looked at under the microscope.

Yeast is the most common type of infection found in the dog’s ear but your doctor can also have coccyx and a raw bacterial infection.

TREATING AN EAR INFECTION

To treat the ear infection the veterinarian will prescribe an ear cleaner and ear medications. Oral antibiotics cannot treat ear infections because dogs get, what is considered an outer ear infection and not an inner ear infection. They can get an inner ear infection as well, but it is not as common as an outer ear infection.

Ear Cleaners with salicylic acid and a drying agent are good for cleaning the ears and can be found through a good vet. To treat the ears, you have to first get out the ear debris.

Depending on how severe the infection is, it may take several days to remove the brown-black debris.

The ear medication usually comes in the form of drops and creams and length of treatment can vary based on medication used and the severity of the ear infection.

CLEANING THE DOG'S EARS

 You will need the following:

Ear cleaner, paper towel or tissues, cotton balls or cotton cu tips. Steps:

  1. The dog’s ear canal is shaped like an L. If the dog does nothave

ears that stand up, then gently pull-up the ear flaps.

  1. Fill the entire ear canal with the ear cleaning
  2. Then massage at the base of the You will hear asquishing noise. At this point, your dog may want to rub or shake its ears.
  3. To avoid this, you can soak the cotton ball in the ear cleaning solution and place it in the ear canal, not pushing it too deep inside.
  4. Take a paper wipe and use it to clean whatever solution comes out.
  5. Do not push the paper towel very far down inside the ear as it will push the debris back into the ear
  6. If you wish to use cu tips, use them in the crevasses of the ear and not inside the ear

 

Dogs that have ear problems must have their ears cleaned on a regular basis between every 1-2 weeks. Consult a vet before starting the ear cleaning regime to ascertain if the cleaner chosen by you is right for your dog’s ear.

WHY DO DOG’S GET AN EAR INFECTION?

There are different reasons because of which a dog can get an ear infection. They are:

1. Genetics

Different breeds have differently shaped ears. Some breeds have ears that stand straight, like a German Shepherd, some have ears that lay flat against the head, like Golden Retriever and some have long, falling ears like a Basset Hound. Dogs that have ears flat or long and falling have higher chances of developing an ear infection as compared to dogs with straight ears. Some breeds like Poodle, Shih Tzu and Maltese have a lot of hair inside the ears and are also highly susceptible to ear infections. It is recommended that you get the hair regularly trimmed or plucked.

2. Allergies

Dogs that have allergies tend to have ear infections.

3. Water

Water is another reason for ear infection in dogs. It can happen during bathing and swimming. It is a good idea to use ear cleaner, once the dog has been groomed to remove any water that has gone into the ear.

4. Ear Mites

Black and brown debris inside the ears can also be a sign of ear mites. These mites are contagious and cause ear infections. There are several medications that can be used to treat ear mite infections.

DOGS AND EXERCISE IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL ACTIVITIES IN DOGS

All kinds of dogs need exercise, both, physical and mental to keep them in good health and a good state of mind on daily basis. If you consider you dog an object to be placed at home or cage and stop interacting with them on a day to day basis, that’s when the dog starts picking up bad habits.

In absence of exercise, they become restless and find ways to entertain themselves.

Exercise can work wonders for your dog!

From reducing stress and anxiety to relieving boredom, enough exercise can be really beneficial for your dog. Proper amount of exercise may also help your dog drop bad habits. Physical exercise strengthens the body, while mental exercise strengthens the mind.

BEST PHYSICAL AND MENTAL EXCERCISES FOR YOUR DOG

7 BEST PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES FOR DOG

  1. Walking
  2. Jogging
  3. Running
  4. Playingoutside
  5. Treadmill walking
  6. Hiking
  7. Swimming

4 EFFECTIVE MENTAL ACTIVITIES FOR YOUR DOG

  1. Introduce new
  2. Interactive
  3. Teach your dog new
  4. Teach your dog new

These mental exercises will give the dog a mental challenge which will enable its brain to function properly.

HOW TO KNOW IF YOUR DOG IS OVERWEIGHT?

Lack of exercise can lead to your dog becoming overweight.

Rule of thumb:

If you cannot see or feel your dog’s ribs, there is a high chance that your dog is overweight. An overweight dog is at a higher risk of internal problems and ail with normal weight. Also, the extra weight

     

puts more pressure on the joints.

HAVE A BUSY SCHEDULE? DON’T WORRY, THERE ARE

ALTERNATIVES TOO!

If you have a very hectic schedule and no time to make your dog exercise, here are some alternatives you may want to take:

  1. Hire a professional dog walker who can come home andwalk your dog 1-2 times a 
  2. Help your dog walk on a

EXERCISE 3

This activity has three questions that you must answer!

  1. What is your dog’s breed and how much exercise theparticular breed required?
  2. Does your dog have a normalweight?
  3. Does your dog get enough exercise? If not, make a list of2 physical and 2 mental activities for your 

ALL ABOUT FLEAS, TICKS AND WORMS AFFECTING YOUR DOG

FLEAS AND HOW TO GET RID OF THEM

FLEA LIFE CYCLE

Once your dog gets fleas, it can be very difficult to get rid of them. They multiple very fast and it can take several months to get rid of various generations of fleas.

Different stages of flea life cycle are: Egg, Larvae, Pupae, Adult

EGG STAGE

A single adult can lay up to 40 eggs in a day. The flea can lay eggs on your dog and as the dog moves around the house, the eggs can fall off and hatch between 3 days to 3 weeks. Once the eggs hatch, they move into the larvae stage.

LARVAE STAGE

The larvae are white and have no legs. They measure approximately

  • mm in size and spin a cocoon around themselves in 5-15

PUPAE STAGE

The cocoon or pupae protects itself from several days to several weeks.

ADULT STAGE

Adult fleas only hatch once they detect a possible host for attacking. They are able to detect vibrations, increase in carbon dioxide levels, and body heat in animals and human beings. Once a flea hatches, it needs a blood meal from a host within few hours or it will die. In a matter of few days, they begin to breed and lay eggs. Since they constantly lay eggs, it is very difficult to wipe them off from your surroundings completely.

HOW TO GET RID OF FLEAS

If there is flea infestation in your surroundings, you may have to treat your home along with your dog.

HOME TREATMENT

Since the pupae stage protects the flea from chemicals that can kill them, you’ll have to wait until the eggs hatch. You can use foggers and sprays that are easily available in vet clinics and pet stores. It is highly recommended to vacuum your home pre and post treatment.

Clean any floor areas and wash your dog’s bedding. If you dogs sleep on your bed or couch, wash them also.

YARD TREATMENT

You can hire professional home and yard treatment professionals to clean your home and yard.

DOG TREATMENT 

Flea treatments for dogs can come in topical form or oral form or in the form of flea collars. All these products have an age and weight limit, so make sure you use the correct age and weight range for your dog. For young puppies that do not meet the age and weight requirements, you can wash them with dawn dish soap. Once the fleas begin to die, you can use a flea comb to kills the flea and eggs from your puppy’s body.

TOPICAL

They are applied directly to the dog’s skin. Part the fur and apply to the neck and shoulder area. Many of these treatments don’t allow your dog to bathe your dogs for a few days or weeks after and before treatment as they work with the oils of the skin.

ORAL

There are oral treatment products that can be given by mouth. They away from the body.

TICKS AND THE DISEASES CAUSED BY THEM TICK LIFE CYCLE

The tick has 4 life stages:

Egg, Larvae, Nymph and Adult

Ticks are found in wooded and tall grass areas and can also be found in your garden and yards. They climb on top of grass or brush and wait for a host to come by. They can sense heat and body vibrations and move with their four front legs so that they can grab their host and climb on it.

Different types of ticks can cause different types of diseases.

      TYPES OF TICKS

 DEER TICK OR BLACK LEGGED TICK

It has a life cycle of 2 years and can transmit diseases such as Lyme, babesiosis and anaplamosis. Females can lay thousands of eggs in their lifetime. They are dark brown or reddish orange in color while males are dark brown.

      AMERICAN DOG TICK 

It has a life cycle of 2 years and can transmit diseases such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularaemia.

Both, male and female American dog ticks have a greyish pattern on their body

LONE STAR TICK

It can transmit diseases like ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

It is brownish red in color and the females have a white dot on the center of their backs.

BROWN DOG TICK

It can transmit diseases like ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and babesiosis. It is dark brown in color and can change color to grey or blue after a blood sucking meal. It can also survive numerous days without a bloody meal.

      DISEASES CAUSED BY TICKS LYME

This disease can be transmitted to human beings as well. Symptoms include fever, skin rash, headache and fatigue. If left untreated, it can travel to joints, heart and also the nervous system of the dog.

Most cases of Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics.

      BABESIOSIS

 It is a rare, but very serious disease caused by different types of Babesia parasites that infect the red blood cells. Symptoms include Jaundice, Anemia, fever, pale gums, reddish urine, sudden weight loss and swollen lymph nodes. In severe cases, dogs may require blood transfusion.

ANAPLASMOSIS

There are two forms of this disease: anaplasma phagocytophilum and anaplasma platys. Anaplasma Phagocytophilum is an infection of the white blood cells and it caused by the deer tick. Symptoms include loss of appetite, lethargy, neck pain.

Anaplasma Platys causes an infection of the blood platelets which can cause severe bleeding disorders. It is transmitted by the brown dog tick and symptoms include bruising of the gums and nose bleeding. Treatment is normally done with antibiotics for a 30-day time span.

ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER

This disease multiplies only within living cells. Symptoms include unexplained depression, loss of appetite, weakness, bruises on skin, swelling of lymph nodes and legs, blood in urine and loss of co- ordination.

Treatment is done with antibiotics and possible anti-inflammatory medications.

TULAREMIA DISEASE

This is a bacterial disease caused by toxins in the blood. Symptoms include swollen glands, high fever, stiffness, increased pulse and heart rate, cough, jaundice. Treatment is done using antibiotics.

HOW TO DIAGNOSE DISEASES CAUSED BY TICKS & PREVENTION

Diseases caused by ticks are diagnosed through various blood tests. Keeping your dog on monthly tick prevention can greatly reduce the risk of tick borne diseases.

ALL ABOUT HEARTWORMS IN DOGS      

WHAT ARE HEARTWORMS?

Heartworms are pale whitish-pink, noodle like worms that can grow up to 12 inches in length. They breed in a dog’s heart but can also be found in the lungs and blood vessels. The source of heartworms in a dog’s body is a mosquito. When an infected mosquito bites the dog, it injects microscopic baby worms called microfilaria. It takes roughly 6 months for the larvae to develop into adult heartworms inside the dog’s heart. Another mosquito can get infected by biting an infected dog. Signs of heartworm disease are coughing, unwillingness to exercise, reduced appetite, weight loss, swollen abdomen and pale colored gums.

HEARTWORM PREVENTION

Even after prevention, dogs can become infected. The only way to prevent heartworms is to destroy the larvae before they grow into adult heartworms

WHAT TO DO IF MY DOG IS TESTED HEARTWORM POSITIVE?

If your dog has tested positive for heartworms, you can do the following:

  1. Immediately consult a vet. Your dog may be prescribed medication like melarsomine, doxycycline and
  2. Restrict the activities and exercise as the adult heartwormsbegin to die. Too much activity during this time can increase heart beats and cause respiratory issues which can inturn cause blood clots to form.
  3. In case of severe heartworm disease, surgery may be

EXCERCISE 4

If your dog is more than 6 months of age, have they had a heartworm test? And if your dog isn’t of any flea, tick or heartworm prevention, then take out a little bit of time, to do some research on the kind of flea, tick and heartworm prevention that are out in the market that you can consider putting your dog on in the coming month.

OVERHEATING IN DOGS SIGNS OF OVERHEATING IN DOGS AND HOW TO OVERCOME IT OVERHEATING IN DOGS

A dog can overheat anywhere that is hot and without air circulation and sufficient amount of water. A dog’s normal body temperature is between 99.5-102.5 F. In order to cool themselves and reduce their body temperature, dogs pant and sweat through their paws and nose.

SYMPTOMS OF OVERHEATING IN DOGS

Signs and symptoms of overheating include:

  1. Rapidpanting
  2. Glazed-overeyes
  3. Excessivedrooling
  4. Dark red texture of gums andtongue
  5. Vomiting
  6. Convulsions
  7. Suddenfainting

BRINGING DOWN THE BODY TEMPERATURE

 The following methods can be adopted to bring down the dog’s boy temperature in case of overheating:

  1. Provide cold water

     

  1. Place cool towels all over the dog’s body, especially overthe head.
  2. Bathe your dog with cold

      HOW TO PREVENT OVERHEATING IN DOGS?

You can prevent heatstroke and overheating in dogs by adopting the following methods:

  1. Keep your dog in the shade with proper air
  2. Provide fresh and cool water from time to

     

  1. Do not leave your dog in a car on a sunny
  2. Do not walk your dog on hot roads and pavements on asunny

     

  1. Measure the dog’s temperature once in a

DOG ALLERGIES ALL ABOUT DOG ALLERGIES DOG ALLERGIES EXPLAINED

 

Dog allergies are not easy to diagnose because there are several reasons why a dog can have an allergy.

Some of the reasons are:

 

  1. Genetics
  2. Environment
  3. Food
  4. Fleas
  5. Vaccines
  6. Or combination of the abovefactors

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DOG ALLERGIES

Here are some signs and symptoms your dog will exhibit, if it is having an allergy:

  1. Itching/scratchingfrequently
  2. Chewing of licking its feet or other parts of the
  3. Soreness on body from itching and

CAUSES OF ALLERGIES IN DOG GENETICS

Some breeds of dogs are born with allergy issues. If there are dogs that have allergies and they are bred together, the allergies can be passed on to the puppies. Also, it is not necessary that all puppies from the same litter have the same allergies.

ENVIRONMENT

Dogs can have seasonal allergies like people, especially during spring and fall. In spring, there are many different flowers and grasses growing and in fall, there are leaves on the ground. Inside the house, dogs can be allergic to dust mites, paper dust, cleaners, sprays, room fresheners etc. It is possible for dog to have outdoor as well as indoor allergy.

FOOD

Dogs may have allergy to some specific components of their dog food like proteins and certain grains. It is best to eliminate such food from the dog’s diet in order to prevent allergy attacks. Allergy prescription diets are also available via vets. In case your dog is allergic to chicken or beef, try feeding lamb.

FLEA

Some dogs can also be allergic to fleas. This is called flea allergy dermatitis. They become very itchy and have a skin rash. The most common areas where fleas irritate dogs are the neck and the lower back area near the tail.

VACCINES

Vaccines reactions are not very common. They can occur after 30 minutes or even 12-24 hours of taking the vaccines. Symptoms of this type of allergy are vomiting, diarrhea, facial swelling, difficulty breathing. There are medications that can be given to the dog before vaccinations in order to curb the allergic reaction.